Fact or Fiction?: A “Base Tan” Can Protect against Sunburn

Take heed my lovelies. Fair skin or not, protect your youthful skin with sunscreen, clothing, and exposure time.  Skin cancer sucks. -Al Smith

Fact or Fiction?: A “Base Tan” Can Protect against Sunburn
Studies of sunshine-denied human buttocks help settle the matter
By Dina Fine Maron | May 22, 2015 | 
As the weather warms, many of us would prefer to look like we passed our winter days lounging by the pool instead of hunched before a computer screen or lab bench. But soaking up the rays to acquire a so-called “base tan” does not fool the sun or a tanning bed. Simply put, the benefits of being sun-kissed are not even skin-deep.
Scientists came to this conclusion after studying the tanned buttocks of dozens of volunteers. In study after study they have found that a base tan affords almost no protection against future ultraviolet exposure. In fact, it actually puts otherwise pale people at risk of developing skin cancers. A base tan only provides an SPF, or sun protection factor, of 3 or less, according to the U.S. surgeon general. For beachgoers, that means if a person would normally turn pink after 10 minutes in the sun, an SPF 2 base tan would theoretically buy her another 10 minutes—or 20 minutes in total—before she burns. That, says David Leffell, the chief of dermatologic surgery and cutaneous oncology at Yale University School of Medicine, is “completely meaningless” in terms of providing protection.(Maron)

Read more…. Persistent URL: http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/fact-or-fiction-a-base-tan-can-protect-against-sunburn/

Works Cited

 Maron, Dina. “Fact or Fiction?: A “Base Tan” Can Protect against Sunburn.” Scientific American Global RSS. N.p., 22 May 2015. Web. 28 May 2015. <http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/fact-or-fiction-a-base-tan-can-protect-against-sunburn/&gt;.

 Shlabotnik, Joe. Sunscreen. Digital image. Flickr. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 May 2015. <https://www.flickr.com/photos/joeshlabotnik/782119885/sizes/m/in/photostream/&gt;.  Image Credit: Creative Commons/Flickr

New Sci Amer mag articles now available

Check out these fascinating articles from Scientific America and SA Mind magazine.  access our print edition being circulated or read online anytime.

Access digital > https://my23.sd23.bc.ca/school/kss/staffroom/new/shareddocs/Pages/default.aspx

Sd23\user.name.  ########

In 1961 a child psychologist proposed a radical idea to the American Psychological Association: What if dogs could help therapists connect to troubled patients? Perhaps the animals would help soothe anxiety and help people open up. When Boris Levinson of Yeshiva University presented this idea, many of his colleagues thought it was laughable. Yet the idea that humans might derive therapeutic effects from animals would go on to capture the attention of many future researchers.
In recent years scientists have started investigating our attachment to creatures great and small. Although various types of pets and non-Western cultural dynamics remain largely unexplored, research has begun to examine how the animals that surround us affect our mood and mental states. New work has, for example, revealed how just thinking of a beloved pet may help us stay calm under pressure.(Sci Am. Mind)




The “teen brain” is often ridiculed as an oxymoron—an example of biology gone wrong. Neuroscientists have explained the risky, aggressive or just plain baffling behavior of teenagers as the product of a brain that is somehow compromised. Groundbreaking research in the past 10 years, however, shows that this view is wrong. The teen brain is not defective. It is not a half-baked adult brain, either. It has been forged by evolution to function differently from that of a child or an adult.(Gield)



“Scientific American MIND Explores the Psychology Behind Keeping Pets.” Scientific American Global RSS. N.p., 15 May 2015. Web. 19 May 2015. <http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/scientific-american-mind-explores-the-psychology-behind-keeping-pets/&gt;.

Gield, Jay. “Risky Teen Behavior Is Driven by an Imbalance in Brain Development.” Scientific American Global RSS. N.p., 15 May 2015. Web. 19 May 2015. <http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/risky-teen-behavior-is-driven-by-an-imbalance-in-brain-development/&gt;.

Mental illness and writing genius –

A fascinating overview of research into creativity from Brainpickings blog:


One of the most interesting chapters in the book deals with the correlation between creativity and mental illness, bringing scientific rigor to such classic anecdotal examples as those evidenced in Van Gogh’s letters or Sylvia Plath’s journals or Leo Tolstoy’s diary of depression or Virginia Woolf’s suicide note. Having long opposed the toxic “tortured genius” myth of creativity, I was instantly intrigued by Andreasen’s inquiry, the backdrop of which she paints elegantly:

Did mental illness facilitate [these creators’] unique abilities, whether it be to play a concerto or to perceive a novel mathematical relationship? Or did mental illness impair their creativity after its initial meteoric burst in their twenties? Or is the relationship more complex than a simple one of cause and effect, in either direction?

She cites the work of Havelock Ellis, one of the earliest scholars of creativity, a Victorian physician, writer and social reformer ahead of his time. In 1926, in his late sixties, he published A Study of British Genius, an effort to provide a scientific assessment of the link between genius and psychopathology by studying a sample of people found in the British Dictionary of National Biography — a compendium of about 30,000 eminent public figures, whom he sifted through a set of criteria to identify 1,030 displaying “any very transcendent degree of native ability.” Andreasen recounts his findings( Popova)

Popova, Maria. “The Relationship Between Creativity and Mental Illness.” Brain Pickings RSS. Web. 14 Feb. 2015. .


No Need to Hurry -Woolf

“No need to hurry. No need to sparkle. No need to be anybody but oneself.”

— Virginia Woolf, A Room of One’s Own (Gordon)


Aluzadeh, K. ‘Reading A4 giclée print by Kate’s shop’. (n.d.). Retrieved January 1, 2015, from http://katealizadeh.tictail.com/product/reading-a4-art-print. Image.

Gordon, M. “Women of Genius.” NY Times. Web. 1 Jan. 2015. .

April 2 is World Autism Day

April 2 is World Autism Awareness Day


  • Read Scientific American article from Ebsco database
  • Read page on CBC George


Kelowna Secondary School
I’m a mutt and very proud of it. I’m proud to have Irish blood and Ojibwa blood and Scottish blood.  -Joseph Boyden

Corny but… smart social skills- we all need them.


Sounds corny but…

  • Did you ever have an opportunity that you didn’t go for because you didn’t feel like you had the social skills and social confidence to do it?
  • Do you sometimes feel like you cannot ask for what you truly want like a date or a meeting because you fear being rejected or you don’t know what to say?
  • Do you feel shy or nervous in social situations to the point that you feel you can’t be your true self or may even sometimes avoid such situations completely?





Edberg, H. (2014, January 20). Smart Social Skills [Web log post]. Retrieved January 20, 2014, from
< http://premium.positivityblog.com/smart-social-skills/this is a premium feed from her blog “http://www.positivityblog.com&#8221;

Rodin, A. (n.d.). The Burghers of Calais [Painting found in Public installation, London]. Retrieved January 20, 2014, from
< http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/art/art-news/9735097/New-exhibition-puts-French-sculptor-Rodin-alongside-British-sculptor-Henry-Moore.html

Essence of optimism…SCIAMind

Login to ( MY23 ) >your computer credentials. https://my23.sd23.bc.ca/school/kss/Students/Library/Pages/default.aspx

20130606-164404.jpgThe Essence of Optimism; January / February 2013; Scientific American Mind; by Elaine Fox; 6 Page(s) | When I was a 14-year-old in a suburb of Dublin, we were at the height of “the Troubles.” During this period of civil unrest, our school regularly took in girls from Northern Ireland to get them away from the bomb blasts and shootings in Belfast, some two hours’ drive across the border. One of these girls was named Sandra, and she had been at our school for a couple of weeks when one day the two of us decided to walk home for lunch. As I was walking and chatting, I suddenly became aware that Sandra was no longer beside me.
Looking around, I saw her about 10 meters back, lying flat on the pavement. A car had backfired, and she had instantly thrown herself on the ground. Deep in her brain, an alarm signal had gone off. That same signal had slipped past me unnoticed. (SCIAM, JULY2013)

Ways to Reduce your Risk of Sexual Assault | RAINN network, USA info

15% of sexual assault and rape victims are under age 12.3

29% are age 12-17.
44% are under age 18.3
80% are under age 30.3
12-34 are the highest risk years.
Girls ages 16-19 are 4 times more likely than the general population to be victims of rape, attempted rape, or sexual assault.(RAINN)

Victims of sexual assault are:8

3 times more likely to suffer from depression.
6 times more likely to suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder.
13 times more likely to abuse alcohol.
26 times more likely to abuse drugs.
4 times more likely to contemplate suicide.

Adopt the pace of nature, her secret is patience.-Ralph Waldo Emerson

KSS Cancer Week starts soon

Kss028 We're launching our annual KSS Cancer Week campaign. Students organize+run a huge range of events during the week. Their contribution record was $56k in 2008. KSS Cancer week -Loose
ends copper and hemp jewelry. Tues. 25th – Cancer Awareness Assembly Wed. 26th – Drive Thru Breakfast Thu. 27th – Pacho day, Golf tourname…nt; Benefitconcert at The Habitat, 7 pm. Fri. 28th – Headshaving!
Join in and donate….Check out photos from last year>

SCI Amer MIND-new issue online

Scientific American MIND (Jan/Feb 2009)



This print and digital journal is now available from the KSS Library:

Download issues at: Login via your browser> Firstclass login>password help

Also: KSS LAN I://data/handouts/libraryreseources/

National Film Board- quality free video

Quality Free Educational Video- NFB.ca


This fascinating documentary looks at obesity. Stockholm’s Dr. Stephan
Rossner, an obesity specialist, proves beyond doubt that obesity is …"The Weight of the World"